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Human and Animal Biology, part 2Organization logo: Wageningen University & Research

Over deze cursus

Part 2 of the Human and Animal Biology course is a continuation of Human and Animal Biology part 1 (EZO10306 for BBI students; EZO10806 for BAS students). Part 1 positioned the phenotype of an organism, starting with the embryonic development and continuing with the relation between anatomy, function and regulation of organ systems. Part 2 continues with this unique relation of "structure, function and regulation" and emphasizes on how the different organ systems interact with each other to result in the proper function and behaviour of the organism. The evolution, classification and phylogeny of animals (especially vertebrates) will be dealt with as well. The basic principles of zoology provide an overview in the biodiversity of vertebrates and how they are adapted in structure and function.
The course is organized in themes, each theme dealing with organ systems at cellular, tissue and organismal level. Each organ system is introduced by lectures explaining the anatomy and physiology. Then the organ system is further explored in practicals. An integrative theme -consisting of a case study, a practical, and a problem based teaching module- enables the students to explore the interrelations between organ systems with respect to their anatomy and physiology. Working in small groups, the importance of adaptations in anatomy and physiology of organ systems within/to the environment is explored, making use of scientific literature (case study). Because of the importance to process the knowledge obtained in the lectures, the practicals, case study and problem based teaching module are obligatory.


After successful completion of this course students are expected to be able to:

  • describe the structural organization of vertebrate organ systems, including relevant nomenclature;
  • explain the physiology (function and regulation) of these vertebrate organ systems;
  • explain the interaction between structure, function and regulation of vertebrate organ systems;
  • interpret (scientific) physiological and quantitative data related to vertebrate organ systems.
  • describe the evolutionary relationships of the main animal taxa and understand the major vertebrate groups and their biodiversity and adaptations;
  • apply scientific techniques to study gross anatomy (dissection techniques), microanatomy (microscopy) and physiological functions (laboratory techniques) and experimental set-ups for in vivo measurements;
  • integrate scientific literature and the obtained knowledge on organ systems to answer a scientific research question regarding the anatomical and physiological adaptation of organ systems and animal behavior to changing internal and external conditions.


Mandatory Knowledge:
ZSS06100 Laboratory Safety
Assumed Knowledge:
EZO10306 Human and Animal Biology I/EZO10806 Human and Animal Biology 1 - English; CBI10306/CBI10806 (Introduction in) Cell Biology.

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